• Food Sensitivity

    Registered members

    The mother of two boys with ASD and a third with development delays discusses the extremely restricted diet of her eldest son, Gabriel. Gabriel will only eat about 5 different kinds of food and gags when given food of a gelatinous texture.

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  • Lucas' Fear of Getting a Haircut

    Registered members

    Therapists will sometimes use a social story, that is, a personalized book describing each step of an event, to help children with autism face their fears or adjust to new experiences. Georgia uses a social story depicting Lucas' first hair cut to help him adjust to his next haircut more easily.

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  • Response to a Balloon (Gag Reflex), Looking at a Pointing Finger

    Registered members

    We see Ethan, a young boy with autism spectrum disorder, having an unusual reaction to a visual cue: an examiner blowing up a balloon. Such unusual reactions to sensory stimuli, such as certain sights, textures, tastes or smells, may occur in children with autism.

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Social Communication and Social Interaction

Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts, as manifested by the following, currently or by history

Social Emotional Reciprocity

Deficits in social-emotional reciprocity, ranging, for example, from abnormal social approach and failure of normal back-and-forth conversation; to reduced sharing of interests, emotions, or affect; to failure to initiate or respond to social interactions.

Non-verbal Communicative Behaviors

Deficits in nonverbal communicative behaviors used for social interaction, ranging, for example, from poorly integrated verbal and nonverbal communication; to abnormalities in eye contact and body language or deficits in understanding and use of gestures; to a total lack of facial expressions and nonverbal communication.

Understanding & Maintaining Relationships

Deficits in developing, maintaining, and understanding relationships, ranging, for example, from difficulties adjusting behavior to suit various social contexts; to difficulties in sharing imaginative play or in making friends; to absence of interest in peers.

Restricted and Repetitive Patterns of Behavior

Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities, as manifested by at least two of the following, currently or by history

Stereotyped Motor Movements and Speech

Stereotyped or repetitive motor movements, use of objects, or speech (e.g., simple motor stereotypies, lining up toys or flipping objects, echolalia, idiosyncratic phrases).

Routines, Sameness, Rituals

Insistence on sameness, inflexible adherence to routines, or ritualized patterns or verbal nonverbal behavior (e.g., extreme distress at small changes, difficulties with transitions, rigid thinking patterns, greeting rituals, need to take same route or eat food every day).

Preoccupations -Interests or Objects

Highly restricted, fixated interests that are abnormal in intensity or focus (e.g, strong attachment to or preoccupation with unusual objects, excessively circumscribed or perseverative interest).

Sensitivity to Sensory Input

Hyper- or hyporeactivity to sensory input or unusual interests in sensory aspects of the environment (e.g., apparent indifference to pain/temperature, adverse response to specific sounds or textures, excessive smelling or touching of objects, visual fascination with lights or movement).

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